PLC, HMI, SCADA, INVERTERS, TUTORIALS, INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION

20:48
CAMOZZI COMPETENCE CENTRE PNEUMATIC AUTOMATION FROM BASIC PRINCIPLES TO PRACTICAL TECHNIQUES

Published by Camozzi Automation S.p.A. 
Società Unipersonale
Via Eritrea, 20/I
25126 Brescia Itay
Tel. +39 030 37921
info@camozzi.com 

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MN-Tec_Did_ENG_2019_LowRes.part2.rar

Index
Chapter 1
PHYSICS
  12  The air 
  13  Atmospheric pressure 
  14  Absolute and relative pressure 
  16  Boyle’s law 
  18  The effect of temperature on gases 
  19  Gay-Lussac’s law 
  22  Relationship between pressure, volume and temperature 
  25  Pressure and flow rate 
  27  Pascal’s principle 
  29  Venturi’s principle 
  30  Mechanical concepts 
  34  Magnetism and electromagnetism 
Chapter 2
AIR PRODUCTION AND PREPARATION

  38  Compressors 
  40  From the compressor to the air receiver  
  41  From the receiver tank to the point of use 
  43  Pipe size calculations 
  44  Treatment of compressed air: 
   - the filter 
   - coalescing filters  
  47  Pressure regulator 
  48  Isolation valves 
  49  The soft start valve 
  50  Pressure regulator without compensation  
  51  Treatment of compressed air: the lubricator 
Chapter 3
CYLINDERS

  54  Principles of cylinder operation  
  56  Component parts and terminology 
  57  Pressure differential in the two chambers of a double-acting cylinder 
  58  Developed forces 
  59  Constructive characteristics 
  60  Sizing of a cylinder according to the applied load 
  62  Cushioning phase of the movement of a double-acting cylinder 
  63  Acceleration phase of a double acting cylinder 
  64  Cylinder brackets 
  65  Piston rod mountings 
  66  Rod stress with a compression load 
  68  Devices to modify the cylinder performance: the lever  
  71  Devices to modify the cylinder performance:
   - the crank handle 
   - geared mechanisms 
   - the wedge 
  77  Rotary cylinders 
  79  Magnetic cylinders 
  80  Special purpose cylinders 
  82  Cylinder free air consumption 
  84  Required air for a pneumatic cylinder 
  85  Hydrochecks 
  86  Pressure booster  
Chapter 4
VALVES

  90  Valves  
  90  Classification of the valves 
  92  Poppet valves 
  93  The function of a 3/2-way NC poppet valve 
  94  The function of a 3/2-way NO poppet valve 

  95  Manual operation of poppet valves 
  96  Mechanical operation of poppet valves 
  97  Mini poppet valves 
  98  3/2-way spool valves 
  99  5/2-way spool valves 
  100  Manual and mechanical operating devices for spool valves 
  101  Pneumatic operating devices for the valves 
  102  Directly operated solenoid valves 
  107  Servo solenoid valves with internal pilot 
  108  Servo solenoid valves with external pilot 
  110  Three-position valves 
  111  Blocking valves:
   - unidirectional
   - bidirectional 
  113  Double 2/2-way and 3/2-way valves 
  115  Signal processing valves 
  120  Nominal flow rate 
  121  Sizing of directional control distribution valves and connecting tubes 
  124  Interception valves 
  125  Flow control valves 
  130  Usage of valves with vacuum       
  131  Pressure switches
Chapter 5
CIRCUIT TECHNIQUE

  134  Pneumatic symbols 
  136  Rules for designing circuits   
  138  Elementary circuits  
  141  Single or semi-automatic cycle 
  142  Continuous or automatic cycle 
  143  Elementary circuits 
  144  Literal and graphical representation of the movement of cylinders   
  146  Signals generated by limit switches  
  150  Principles of logic 
  152  The basic logic functions 
  153  An example of the application of basic logic functions 
  155  Use of logic functions YES and NOT  
  156  OR and AND achieved with (3/2-way) directional control valves   
  157  Memory valves  
  160  The timer 
  161  Cycle start command 
  162  Single/continuous cycle 
  163  Emergency command  
  165  Development of a sequence   
  166  Flow diagram and designing a pneumatic circuit 
  168  Movement of multiple cylinders 
  171  Identification of blocking signals 
  173  Techniques to eliminate blocking signals 
  192  Two-hand control unit 
Chapter 6
ELECTRO-PNEUMATIC CIRCUITS

  196  Electrical symbols 
  197  Relay circuits 
  198  Control systems 
  201  Electro-pneumatic circuit 
  202  Realization of logic functions 
  204  Circuits with dual commands 
  207  Emergency control
   - stop and re-positioning of the cylinders 
  210  Multiple cylinder cycle 
  213  Sequences with blocking signals 

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